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PLANTS THAT ATTRACT BUTTERFLIES

Most plants with flowers will attract butterflies to the garden. However some do so more than others. This is just a very short list of some of the more common garden plants that fit the description. Many butterfly species have specific host plants that the lay their eggs on. Caterpillars (larvae) hatch and feed on the host plant. This sometimes infuriates gardeners. The moral of the story is that in order for nature to prevail in suburban gardens sacrifices have to be made in some instances. Butterflies certainly add a special element to being out in the garden.

ANNUALS AND PERENNIALS

Ageratum houstonianum  (floss flower) E
Antirrhinum majus (snapdragon) E
 Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) E
 Ceropegia woodii (string of hearts) E | I | C
 Gaura lindheimeri (angels wings) E
 Huernia hystrix (toad plant) E | I
 Kniphofia uvaria (red hot poker) ED | I
Lobularia maritima (sweet alyssum) E
Stapelia gigantea (carrion flower) E | I
 Stenotaphrum secondatum (buffalo grass) E | I
 Tropaeolum majus  (nasturtium) E
 Watsonia hybrids and species (watsonia) D | I | B
 Zea mays (maize or sweetcorn or mielies) E

 

SHRUBS AND CLIMBERS

Bauhinia galpinii (pride of de Kaap) ED | I
Buddleja davidii hybrids (butterfly bush) ED
Buddleja salviifolia (sagewood) E | I
Chrysanthemoides monolifera (bush tick berry) E | I
Crassula ovata (pig’s ears) E | I
Dombeya burgessiae (pink wild pear) D | I
Dracaena aletriformis (hookeriana) (large leaved dragon tree) E | I
Ficus repens (pumila) (tickey creeper) E | C
Freylinia tropica (honeybell bush) E | I
Justicia bettonica (paper plume) E | I
Mackaya bella (river bells) E | I
Melianthus major  (honey flower) E | I
Myrsine africana (wild myrtle)  E | I
Ochna serrulata (small leaved plane)  ED | I
Passiflora edulis (granadilla) E | C | F
 Pentas lanceolata hybrids  (Egyptian star clusters) E
 Protea cynaroides (king protea) E | I
 Protea repens (sugar bush)  E | I
 Pychnostachys reticulata (slender pychnostachys)  E | I
 Saccharum officinarum (sugar cane)  ED
 Senecio barbertonicus ( succulent senecio)  E | I
 Senecio macroglossus (wax vine)  E | I | C
 Senecio tamoides  (canary creeper) E | I | C
 Serruria florida (blushing bride)  E | I

 

TREES

Albizzia adianthifolia  (Natal flat crown) D | I
Barringtonia racemosa  (powder puff tree) E | I
Bridelia micrantha (mitzeeri) D | I
Calodendron capense (Cape chestnut) ED | I
Celtis Africana (white stinkwood) D | I
Citrus all species and hybrids (citrus trees) E | F
Clausena anisata (horse wood) E | I
Clerodendrum glabrum (tinderwood) D | I
Croton gratissimus (lavender fever berry) E | I
JDovyalis caffra (Kei apple) ED | I | T | F
Englerophytum magalismontanum (Transvaal milk plum or stamvrug) E | I
Faidherbia albida (Ana tree) D | I
Ficus ingens (red rock fig)  D | I
OFicus natalensis (Natal wild fig)  ED | I
Ficus sur (Cape wild fig) D | I
Grewia occidentalis (cross-berry) E | I
Hibiscus tilliaceus (wild cotton tree) E | I
Kiggelaria africana (wild peach)  E | I
Mangifera indica (mango)  E | F
Milletia grandis (umzimbeet)  D | I
Mimusops caffra (red milkwood)  E | I
Peltophorum africanum (weeping wattle) D | I
Rhamnus prinoides (dogwood) E | I
Schotia brachypetala (weeping Boer bean)  E | I
 Senegalia (Acacia)nigrescens (knobthorn)  D | I | T
 Strelitzia nicolai (wild banana)  E | I
 Syzygium cordatum (Umdoni tree or water berry)  E | I
 Terminalia sericea (silver cluster leaf) D | I
 Trema orientalis (pigeonwood) D | I
 Vachellia (Acacia) karoo (sweet thorn) D | I | T
 Vachellia (Acacia)sieberiana (paperbark) D | I | T
 Vepris lanceolata  (white ironwood) E | I
 Ziziphus mucronata (buffalo thorn) ED | I | T

 

DECIDUOUS:  Plants that shed or lose foliage annually at the end of their growing season.
EVERGREEN:  Plants that retain their green leaves throughout the year.
INDIGENOUS:  Plants that originate or occur naturally in a place; native.

Whilst every care and caution has been taken in compiling these lists in terms of correctness and accuracy, Blackwood’s, nor any of their employees can be held liable or responsible if any of the recommendations are found to be incorrect in any way whatsoever. They are merely a guide to help gardeners and staff in finding solutions to gardening problems. All plants listed may not be available for sale at times. They do however all grow in the greater Pietermaritzburg area and surrounding districts and are to be found growing successfully in gardens.