PLANTS FOR ATTRACTING BIRDS TO THE GARDEN

ANNUALS & PERENNIALS  |  SHRUBS & CLIMBERS  |  TREES

Gardeners are always looking for ways and means to attract birds to the garden. Planting food plants certainly helps the cause enormously. Creating suitable habitats with shelter, protection, nesting sights and water also plays a significant role in making birds feel at home in suburban environments.

These are just a few of the many bird attracting plants that assist the cause:

ANNUALS & PERENNIALS

Agapanthus praecox subsp orientalis
* LILY OF THE NILE
Aloe vanbalenii
* VAN BALEN’S ALOE
Amaranthus
MAROG

lily_of_the_nileE D I N

van_balens_aloeE I N

marogS

Anigozanthus
KANGAROO PAW
Chasmanthe floribunda
CHASMANTHE
 Delphinium elatum
DELPHINIUM
kangaroo_pawN
chasmantheD I N
delphiniumE D N
Fragaria x ananassa
STRAWBERRY
Kniphofia uvaria
* RED HOT POKER
Lobelia cardinalis
CARDINAL FLOWER
strawberryE F
red_hot_pokerE D I N
cardinal_flowerD N
Penstemon
PENSTEMON
Strelitzia reginae
CRANE FLOWER
Tagetes erecta
MARIGOLD
penstemonN
crane_flowerE N S
marigoldS
Verbena x hybrida
VERVAIN
Watsonia
WATSONIA
* GRASSES
verbenaN
wastoniaD I N B
grasses

NOTES:
* Most grasses, both annual and perennial will attract seed eating birds to the garden. They just need to be left uncut to flower and seed.
* Agaapanthus praecox subsp orientalis – all hybrids and cultivars will attract birds to the garden.
* All aloes are nectar rich and attract birds whilst in bloom, usually in winter.
* Kniphofia uvaria and all other species and cultivars will attract birds to the garden.

KEY:
BULB:  Plants that have underground, fleshy storage structures.
DECIDUOUS:  Plants that shed or lose foliage annually at the end of their growing season.
EVERGREEN:  Plants that retain their green leaves throughout the year.
FRUIT:  Plants which bear fruit that attract birds to the garden.
INDIGENOUS:  Plants that originate or occur naturally in a place; native.
NECTAR-RICH:  Plants which flowers are rich in nectar and attract birds and insects.
SEED: Plants which seeds attract birds to the garden.

SHRUBS & CLIMBERS

Alberta magna
NATAL FLAME
 Aloe arborescens
KRANTZ ALOE
 Callistemon citrinus ‘Endeavour’
AUSTRALIAN BOTTLE BRUSH
natal_flameE I N
krantz_aloeE I N
bottlebrushE N
Dovyalis caffra
KEI APPLE
Erica cerinthoides
* RED HAIRY HEATH
Erythrina humeana
DWARF CORAL TREE
kei_appleE D I F
red_hairy_heathE I N
dwarf_coral_treeD I N
Feijoa sellowiana
PINEAPPLE GUAVA
Fuchsia
*  FUSCHI or BALLERINAS
Hamelia patens
FIRE BUSH
pineapple_guavaN F
fuschiaE D N
fire_bushE N
Leonotis leonurus
* WILD DAGGA or LION’S TAIL
Leucospermum cordifolium
* PIN CUSHION
Maytenus procumbens
DUNE KOKO TREE
wild_daggaE I N
pin_cushionE I N
dune_kokoE I F
Metarungia longistrobus
SUNBIRD BUSH
Ochna serrulata
SMALL LEAFED PLANE
Odontonema stricta
HUMMING BIRD BUSH
sunbird_bushE I N
small_leafed_planeE I F
humming_bird_bushE N
Phygelius aequalis
* WILD FUSCHIA
Protea repens
* SUGAR BUSH
Rhoicissus rhomboidea
GLOSSY FOREST GRAPE
wild_fuschiaD I N
sugar_bushE I N
glossy_forest_grapeE I C F
 Russelia equisetiformis
CORAL SHRUB
Tecoma capensis
* CAPE HONEY SUCKLE
Telopea speciosissima
WARATAH
coral_shrubE N
cape_honey_suckleE I N
waratahN

NOTES: *

Erica cerinthoides – all indigenous Ericas (heaths) attract birds to the garden.

*  Fuchsia – all species and hybrids attract birds to the garden.
* Leonotis leonurus – all leonotis attract nectar feeders to the garden.
* Leucospermum cordifolium – plus all other species and hybrids will attract birds to the garden.
* Protea repens plus most other species and hybrids will attract birds to the garden.

KEY:
BULB:  Plants that have underground, fleshy storage structures.
CLIMBER:  
Plants or vines that climb and creep. They need support of some kind in your garden.  Great for walls, fences, pergolas and trellis’.
DECIDUOUS:  Plants that shed or lose foliage annually at the end of their growing season.
EVERGREEN:  Plants that retain their green leaves throughout the year.
FRUIT:  Plants which bear fruit that attract birds to the garden.
INDIGENOUS:  Plants that originate or occur naturally in a place; native.
NECTAR-RICH:  Plants which flowers are rich in nectar and attract birds and insects.
SEED:  Plants which seeds attract birds to the garden.

TREES

Aloe barberae
TREE ALOE
Antidesma venosum
TASSEL BERRY
Apodytes dimidiata
WHITE PEAR
tree_aloeI N
tassle_berryD I F
white_pearE I F
Bersama luscens
GLOSSY WHITE ASH
Bridelia micrantha
MITZEERIE
Carica papaya
PAW PAW or PAPAYA
glossy_white_ashI F
penny_gumD F paw_pawE F
Celtis africana
WHITE STINKWOOD
Ekebergia capensis
CAPE ASH
Erythrina caffra
INLAND CORAL TREE
white_stinkwoodD I F
cape_ashE I F
inland_coral_treeD I N
Erythrina lysistemon
CORAL TREE
Ficus carica
EATING FIG
Ficus natalensis
* NATAL FIG
coral_treeD N
eating_figD F
natal_figD F
 Ficus sur
CAPE WILD FIG
Ficus trichopoda
HIPPOPOTAMUS FIG
Grewia occidentalis
CROSS-BERRY
cape_wild_figD I F hippo_figE I F cross_berryE I F
 Greyia sutherlandii
NATAL BOTTLEBRUSH
 Halleria lucida
WILD TREE FUSCHIA
 Harpephyllum caffrum
WILD PLUM
natal_bottle_brushD I N wild_tree_fuschiaE N I F wild_plumE I F
 Kigelia pinnata
SAUSAGE TREE
 Kiggelaria afrcicana
WILD PEACH
 Mimusops caffra
COASTAL RED MILKWOOD
sausage_treeD I N wild_peachE I F coastal_red_milkwoodE I F
 Pappea capensis
DOPPRUIM or BUSHVELD CHERRY
 Protorhus longifolia
RED BEECH
 Rhamnus prinoides
DOGWOOD
bushveld_cherryE I F red_beechE I F dogwoodE I F
 Schotia brachypetala
WEEPING BOER BEAN
 Sclerocarya birrea subsp caffra
MARULA
 Stenocarpus sinuatus
FIREWHEEL TREE
weeping_boer_beanE I N marulaD I F firewheel_treeE N
Strelitzia nicolai
WILD BANANA
Syzygium paniculatum
AUSTRALIAN BRUSH CHERRY
Vachellia karoo
* SWEET THORN
wild_bananaE N S australian_brush_cherryE F sweet_thornD S

NOTES:

* Ficus natalensis – all wild figs are amongst the finest bird attracting plants, but they need huge gardens to grow in and their roots can cause damage to property.
* Vachellia karoo – all the trees previously known as Acacias or thorn trees produce seeds that attract certain bird species.

KEY:
BULB:  Plants that have underground, fleshy storage structures.
DECIDUOUS:  Plants that shed or lose foliage annually at the end of their growing season.
EVERGREEN:  Plants that retain their green leaves throughout the year.
FRUIT:  Plants which bear fruit that attract birds to the garden.
INDIGENOUS:  Plants that originate or occur naturally in a place; native.
NECTAR-RICH:  Plants which flowers are rich in nectar and attract birds and insects.
SEED:  Plants which seeds attract birds to the garden.

Whilst every care and caution has been taken in compiling these lists in terms of correctness and accuracy, Blackwood’s, nor any of their employees can be held liable or responsible if any of the recommendations are found to be incorrect in any way whatsoever. They are merely a guide to help gardeners and staff in finding solutions to gardening problems. All plants listed may not be available for sale at times. They do however all grow in the greater Pietermaritzburg area and surrounding districts and are to be found growing successfully in gardens.